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英语翻译FunctionsforwhichhigherlogisticdecisionspacewasrelatedtolowerperformanceinbothcountriesThefollowingsectiondescribesthespecificmeasuresusedtodeterminethelogisticdecisionspaceforeachfunction,andthemeasuresof

2017-03-22

英语翻译
Functions for which higher logistic decision space was related to lower performance in both countries
The following section describes the specific measures used to determine the logistic decision space for each function,and the measures of performance that were used for those functions for which higher decision space—that is,more decentralization—was shown to be related to lower performance in both Guatemala and Ghana.
Inventory control
The studies showed that there are some functions in logistics systems for which centralized decisions were related to better performance.In both countries we found that granting higher logistic decision space to local authorities for inventory control and LMIS led to poorer performance in these functions.
Inventory control relates to the logistics functions of product handling and the processes involved in a product's withdrawal or use,as well as to the information for stock management.In health logistics systems,it is recommended that products be managed on a first-to-expire-first-out (FEFO) basis.The FEFO method requires that products that will expire first be removed from inventory for use,as opposed to other inventory management systems that are managed,for instance,on a first-in-first-out (FIFO) basis.This method,in turn,drives the type of record keeping to facilitate management based on these FEFO principles.The record keeping is done on ‘stock cards’,which can be imposed by central decisions or designed locally.The authors focused the logistic decision space questions on the use of guidelines for facilities in Ghana and Guatemala.
In Ghana,although there were explicit guidelines on inventory control,facilities were not consistently required to adhere to the guidelines.The logistic decision space questions investigated how having or not having guidelines influenced behaviour related to inventory control.Some districts and facilities reported that they had received no guidelines and were instead expected to have formulated their own.These districts and facilities were interpreted as having higher logistic decision space.In addition,since the ‘stock cards’ were a key inventory control document provided from the central level as part of guidelines for inventory control,districts and facilities that had chosen not to use them were also assigned a higher logistic decision space.
还有点,字数限制了.
机械翻译的就不要了,

优质解答

涉及到库存控制的物流处理的产品功能和产品的提取或运用所涉及的过程,以及对库存管理的信息.在卫生物流系统,建议使产品上首次对到期先出管理的(FEFO)的基础.该FEFO方法要求产品,将首先从库存到期删除使用的,而不是其他库存管理,进行管理,例如以先入先出(FIFO)的基础上,系统.这种方法,反过来,驱动器,以便在保持原则的基础上管理这些FEFO记录类型.记录保存上完成的股票卡',它可以处以由中央决定或本地设计的.笔者重点是为加纳和危地马拉的后勤设施指南使用决策空间的问题.
在加纳,尽管有明确的指导方针对库存的控制,设施没有得到一贯必须遵守的准则.后勤决策空间的问题,研究如何有或没有影响到库存控制相关的行为有准则.一些地区和设施报告说,他们还没有收到任何指引,并预计在制定,而不是自己.这些地区和设施被解释为具有较高的后勤决策空间.此外,由于的股票卡'是一个关键的库存控制文件从中央一级的存货控制,地区和选择不使用这些设施的准则的一部分也被分配了一个较高的后勤决策空间提供.