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Afghan(阿富汗的)studentssitastheylistenduringanopeningceremonyataschoolinKabul(喀布尔)whenthenewtermstarts.Morethan5.4millionchildrenwillstudyinAfghanschools,and35%ofthemaregirls.Thiscomparesclearly

2019-05-15

  Afghan(阿富汗的) students sit as they listen during an opening ceremony at a school in Kabul(喀布尔) when the new term starts. More than 5.4 million children will study in Afghan schools, and 35% of them are girls. This compares clearly to a little more than a million five years ago, with almost no girls.
  A shortage of women teachers, a number of boys-only schools and cultural problems are factors of keeping girls out of school, an aid group Care International said.
  The education of girls in Afghanistan(阿富汗) is held up as an example of success by Afghan and Western officials. Five years ago, girls were not allowed to go to school and only about 1 million boys attended classes. According to the Education Ministry(部), 3,400 of the country's 9,062 schools are just for boys, and only about 1,300 are for girls. 28% of Afghan teachers are women teachers, and most of them work in cities.
  “There is another reason. Parents in Afghanistan don't want to have teenage girls being taught by a man teacher,” a Care official said. “Parents also wouldn't like to send their girls to schools if they are far from their homes.” “One way to have more girl students is to discuss the importance of education with girls' parents,” the official said.
  Hamid Helmi, spokesman for the Education Ministry, said it hoped to improve girls' education by improving school safety, training women teachers and building more schools in far villages. “Instead of one big school in the center of the city, we want to have 10 small schools near the villages, which will make it easier for girls to go to school,” Helmi said.
  The Education Ministry's goal is that in four years, 60% of all girls will be in classes.
1. How many children will study in Afghan schools when the new term starts?
____
2. What are factors of keeping girls out of school in Afghanistan?
They are a shortage of women teachers, ____.
3. When weren't girls allowed to go to school?
Girls ____.
4. Where do most of 28% Afghan women teachers work?
They ____.
5. Parents wouldn't like to send their girls to schools if they are far from their homes, would they?
____.
6. Why does the Education Ministry want to build more schools in far villages?
Because it wants to ____.
7. What do you think of the education of Afghan girls in the future?
I think ____.

优质解答

【分析】1. 由第一段第二句More than 5.4 million children will study in Afghan schools...可知答案。
2. 由第二段A shortage of women teachers, a number of boys-only schools and cultural problems are factors(因素) of keeping girls out of school...可知答案。
3. 由第一段最后一句This compares clearly to a little more than a million five years ago, with almost no girls.可知,五年前女孩们不允许去上学。
4. 由第三段最后一句28% of Afghan teachers are women teachers, and most of them work in cities.可知,她们在市里工作。
5. 由第四段倒数第二句Parents also wouldn't like to send their girls to schools if they are far from their homes.可知,如果学校离家很远,父母不愿将孩子送去上学,故回答No, they wouldn't.(是的,他们不愿意。)
6. 由第五段第一句...said it hoped to improve girls' education by...building more schools in far villages.可知,教育部在郊外建更多的学校是为了提高女孩的教育,为女孩上学提供更多的机会。
7. 由最后两段可知,将来阿富汗女孩的教育将会有很大变化,更多的女孩能去上学。