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一个英语句子中需要什么?也就是英语一个句子的结构,要什么?名词?动词?如果没有动词或者什么词要用什么代替?ps这不是一个脑筋急转弯!

2020-01-30

一个英语句子中需要什么?
也就是英语一个句子的结构,要什么?名词?动词?如果没有动词或者什么词要用什么代替?ps这不是一个脑筋急转弯!

优质解答

英语中的句型主要有5钟基本句型的
1.S(主) + Vi(不及物动词)(谓)
Time flies.
1) S + V + adverbial(状语)
Birds sing beautifully.
2) S + Vi+ prep Phrase(介词短语)
He went on holiday.
3) S + Vi+ Infinitive (不定式)
We stopped to have a rest.
4) S + Vi+ Participle (分词)
I'll go swimming.
2.S (主)+ Vt (及物动词)(谓)+ O(宾)
We like English.
1) S + VT + N/Pron
I like music.
I like her.
2) S + VT + infinitive(不定式)
I want to help him.
常用于这句型的动词有:attempt,dare,decide,desire,expect,hope,intend,learn,need,offer,pretend,promise,propose,purpose,refuse,want,wish等.
3) S + VT + Wh-Word + Infinitive
I don't know what to do.
常用于这句型的动词有:ask,consider,decide,discover,explain,find out,forget,guess,inquire,know,learn,observe,remember,see,settle,tell,think,understand,wonder等.
4) S + VT + Gerund
I enjoy living here.
常用于这句型的动词有:admit,advise,avoid,consider,defend,enjoy,excuse,finish,forbid,mind,miss,practise,risk,suggest,give up,can't help等.
5) S + VT + That-clause
I don't think (that) he is right.
常用于这句型的动词有:Admit,believe,command,confess,declare,demand,deny,doubt,expect,explain,feel(觉得),hear(听说),hope,imagine,intend,know,mean,mind(当心),notice,propose,request,report,say,see(看出),show,suggest,suppose,think,understand,wish,wonder(觉得奇怪).
3.S (主)+ V(谓)(lv)( 系动词)+ P(表)
We are Chinese.
除了be 系动词外,还有一些动词也可以用作系动词,1)表感官的动词,feel,smell,taste,sound,look,appear,seem 等.2) 表转变变化的动词,become,get,grow,turn,go,等.3)表延续的动词 remain,keep,seem,hold,stay,rest等.4)表瞬时的动词 come,fall,set,cut,occur等 5)其他动词 eat,lie,prove,ring,run,shine,sit,stand,continue,hang等.
1) S + Lv + N/Pron(名词/代词)
He is a boy.
This is mine.
2) S + Lv + Adj(形容词)
She is beautiful.
3) S + Lv + Adv (副词)
Class is over.
4) S + Lv + Prep Phrase
He is in good health.
5) S + Lv + Participle(分词)
He is excited.
The film is interesting.
4.S (主)+ VT (谓)+ In O(间接 宾) + D O(直接 宾)
I give you help.
1) S + VT + N/Pron + N
I sent him a book.
I bought May a book.
2) S + VT + N/Pron + To/for-phrase
He sent a book to me.
He bought a coat for me.
间接宾语前需要加to 的常用动词有:allow,bring,deny,do(带来),give,grant,hand,leave,lend,offer,owe,pass,pay,permit,promise,read,refuse,render,restore,sell,send,show,teach,tell wish,write等.
间接宾语前需要加for 的常用动词有:bring,buy,cash,choose,fetch,get,leave,make,order,paint,play(演奏),save,sing,spare等.
5.S (主)+ VT(谓)+ O(宾) + O C(宾补)
I make you clear.
1) S + VT + N/Pron + N
We named our baby Tom.
常用于这句型的动词有:appoint,call,choose,elect,entitle,find,make,name,nominate(命名).
2) S + VT + N/Pron + Adj
He painted the wall white.
常用于这句型的动词有:beat,boil,cut,drive,find,get,hold,keep,leave,like,make,paint,see,set,turn,want,wash,wipe,wish等.
3) S + VT + N/Pron + Prep Phrase
She always keeps everything in good order.
4) S + VT + N/Pron + Infinitive
I wish you to stay.
I made him work
常用于这句型的动词有:a)不定式带to的词:advice,allow,ask,beg,cause,choose,command,decide,encourage,expect,force,get,hate,invite,know,leave,like,love,order,permit,persuade,prefer,remain,request,teach,tell,want,warn,wish等.b)不定式不带to的词:feel,have,hear,know,let,listen to,look at,make,notice,see,watch等.
5) S + VT + N/Pron + Participle (分词)
I heard my name called.
I feel something moving.
常用于这句型的动词有:catch,feel,find,get,have,hear,imagine,keep,leave,listen to,look at,notice,observe,perceive,see,set,smell,start,watch等.
6) S + VT + N/Pron + Wh-word + Infinitive
He show me how to do it.
常用于这句型的动词有:advise,ask,inform,show,teach,tell等.
7) S + VT + N/Pron + That-clause
He told me that the film was great.
常用于这句型的动词有:assure,inform,promise,remind,teach,tell,warm等.
8) S + VT + N/Pron + Wh-Clause
He asked me what he should do.
常用于这句型的动词有:Advise,ask,inform,show,teach,tell.